The beaver is a primarily nocturnal, large, semi-aquatic rodent. In fact, they are the second-largest rodent in the world (after the capybara). Beavers are known for building dams, canals, and lodges(homes). Their dams to provide still, deep water to protect against predators, and to float food and building material.
Reproductive: Beaver will have one litter of 1 – 6 kits per year. The availability of food appears to affect the size of the litter.
Food: Bark of trembling aspen tree (white poplar), willows, birch and black poplar, roots, pond lilies and other aquatic plants.
Distribution: All Provinces and Territories of Canada
Average life span: 4 to 5 years
Management Issues: Beaver dams can cause dangerous flooding damage to roads, railways, homes, and agricultural lands. Overabundant populations increase the risk of water-borne diseases such as Giardia. Beavers can both create and destroy habitat important for certain species at risk.
Control of Problem Beavers: Beavers may be hunted and trapped, without a licence and during all seasons, on privately owned land by the owner or occupant of the land, or by a resident with written permission from the owner or occupant of the land.
Fur most prime: Late November to End of January
Average pelt price (2008/9): $12.90 (12,179 pelts total)