Studies reaffirm that the gray wolf shares a common ancestry with the domestic dog. Though once abundant, the gray wolf inhabits a very small portion of its former range because of widespread destruction of its territory, human encroachment, and the resulting human-wolf encountersoo. In areas where wolves are trapped, their numbers are strong and require population control to ensure the local health and wellbeing of them and the animals the prey on in these areas.
Reproductive: 1 litter every 1 to 3 years with an average of 4 to 7 pups
Food: Rodents, marmots, ground squirrels, hares, mountain sheep, mountain goats, caribou, carrion, various berries and roots.
Distribution: All of Canada as far east as Labrador.
Average life span: 6 to 8 years
Management Issues: Wolves can impact prey populations of ungulates and small mammals and they prey on livestock and pets. Wolves are susceptible to the same infections as domestic dogs and epidemics can drastically reduce wolf populations in a given area.
Control of Problem Wolves: Wolves may be hunted (but not trapped) without a licence during all seasons, as follows: a) on privately owned land by the owner/occupant/resident of the land; b) on public land by a person authorized to keep livestock on that land; c) The above authorities to hunt wolves extend to lands within 8 km (5 mi.) of the land with right-of-access.
Fur most prime: Mid November to Early January
Average pelt price (2008/9): $107.69 (276 pelts total)